The Right To Privacy – In the Age Of Today
INTRODUCTION Privacy is the capacity of an individual or group to keep their personal information private and thus reveal only what they want to. The boundaries and content of what constitutes private differ between people of different cultures but they share some common themes. Privacy can be linked to anonymity or the desire to remain unnoticed in the public eye. If something is private to one person, it generally signifies that there is something about their personal life that is thought to be particular or personally sensitive. The extent of information that is private is divulged depends on how people will get this information, which is different across different places and time. In the world of our times, the right to privacy is the most carefully guarded rights, where massive amounts of personal information is provided to, used, sold and even stolen. And thus laws of privacy acknowledge the individual's rights to be in peace and to keep the privacy of his own space protected. Privacy and its recognition as a right has become a contemporary phenomenon. It's the result of an increasingly individualistic society in which the emphasis has changed towards the individual. In the beginning, the law provided protection only against physical intrusion into the property of a person. As time passed it was recognized that the personal, intellectual and spiritual aspects of the human personality gained recognition and the scope of law was expanded to provide protection for these aspects. Visit:- Privacy is often thought of as a right. The concept of a 'right' is a confusing approach to looking at the concept of privacy because a right is typically thought of as the notion of a standard that is absolute. It's more helpful to view privacy as a component of a person's character that is something they would wish to keep exclusive to their own personal privacy. Meaning of Privacy The concept of "privacy" has been defined as "the rightful right of an individual to determine the extent that he is willing to communicate with other people and control over the manner, timing, and conditions of communicating with others. It means his right to decide whether or not to take part according to his own discretion. It also means the individual's right to limit the dissemination of personal information. it is his own private property" Another author defines privacy as " zero relationship between two or more persons which means that they have no relationship or communication. is no communication or interaction between them if they prefer" The term can be used to define not just rights that are solely in the private realm of individuals , but also rights that are constitutional in opposition to the state. The first one is the amount to which a private citizen (which includes the media and the general public) has the right to access personal information on another. The second concerns the degree to which government officials are allowed to interfer with the daily life of the individual to keep a watch over the movements of his through devices like surveillance or telephone tapping. If you go down to a much deeper level, privacy is revealed not to be just a single interest, but rather has many dimensions: Privacy of the person Sometimes referred to as "bodily privacy' this has to do with the security of an body of the individual. The issues include compulsory vaccination and blood transfusions without consent and the requirement to provide the body's fluid samples and tissue, and compulsory sterilisation. Privacy of personal behavior This applies to all aspects of behavior, but especially to sensitive topics, like sexual preferences and habits such as political activity and religious practices that are conducted in private as well as in public areas. This includes what is often called'media privacy'. o Privacy of personal communications Individuals are interested in being able to share information among themselvesusing different media that are not subject to routine monitoring of their communication by other persons or organizations. This can be referred to as "interception privacy" Privacy of personal data Some individuals claim that the information they provide about themselves shouldn't readily available to other people as well as organizations when data is possessed by another person, that person should be competent to exercise a large degree of control over that data and its use. This is sometimes referred as "data privacy" or 'information privacy'. The two are merged and ignored at ones own peril. Reasons for not maintaining privacy It is believed that privacy prevents sharing of information between individuals which in turn can lead to mistrust and intolerant behavior among people, and spread false news. If information is distributed widely, then the facts are generally verified by various sources and there are less chances of a misinterpretation. There has been a strong argument that privacy can perpetuate stigma and intolerance. The rationale behind this is that limiting details about individuals can hinder and hamper the gathering and searching of data that is required to provide a thorough study and discussion on the root cause of the stigma and intolerance. Philosophers frequently ask how we can help people learn to respect each other even if they cannot know about one another. Concerns have also been raised that privacy may encourage crime since it makes it easier for criminals to conceal their criminal actions. However, sometimes privacy is not maintained because there's a benefit that can be gained through disclosure. For instance, a potential employer may request a CV or resume to evaluate an applicant's potential suitability for employment. Contact information typically, such as e-mail addresses will be provided in exchange for access to some useful information, like"white paper. "white paper" Nature of Right to privacy Any discourse on privacy right is useless unless we are aware of its nature. right to privacy. It is commonly believed that the right U/A 21 is not available against private individuals. This is based on the premises that the protection afforded by Fundamental Rights is available only to only the "might or the will of the State" and not against private individuals. It is not the correct proposition since however, the Constitution of India itself contains clauses like Articles 17 23 etc which can be used against private people. It must be noted that humans cannot exist without their existence being recognized and accepted. That is why we all have certain fundamental "Human Rights", "Fundamental Rights" and "Constitutional Rights". These rights protect the rights of all people, even if only part of, the interests which are part of human existence. If these rights are violated, this violates and interferes with the very existence rights of human beings. Therefore, these rights have been given the highest importance and are considered sacrosanct and inviolable. These rights protect the interest of public at large; hence they deserve to be interpreted liberally and with care in the favor of the rights holders. The court that interprets the Constitution has a liberty, which is not available when the interpretation of a statute.

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