The Vietnam War is a complex issue, and college students could spend a whole semester on the basic aspects. I have tried a variety of strategies for conveying the information I was taught in my course on Vietnam War. Vietnam War, and finally settled on a mish mash of terms that I arranged in a loose chronological order. Indochina- Collective name of Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos Indochina- Collective name for Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand; the country group that is located within the superpowers China which is the largest country, and India which is second populous. A brief history to get familiar Trieu Da- An ancient Southern Chinese warlord, often described as akin to King Arthur that gave the title Nam Viet, or "southern waters" to the land, thus establishing the official Vietnam history. Han Dynasty was annexed to Vietnam into a Province of China and enslaved her people in order to cultivate rice. Trung sisters-Both of them were widowed when they were widowed when a Chinese official had her husbands killed. They rallied the aristocrats who then rallied the poor to fight for freedom in the 40th century AD. However, they failed, the Trung sisters committed suicide in a river , when the Chinese returned 20 years later. Unlike most countries, Vietnam has not underestimated its women and has credited them for their courage and creativity and a fact that the US didn't take into account. Visit:- https://dario-item.com/ Kublai Khan- A fearsome Mongol warlord who tried to launch a 13th century invasion. The Vietnamese employed the mountains with guerrilla warfare as a defense. The Khan of the Khan, who was able to conquer the entire world, could not take on Vietnam. He attempted to invade three times and failed in all three. This is the time when the Vietnamese tried to test their medals and learned protect themselves. Ming Dynasty-Invaded once again and this time it was for rice gems, tusks, gems as well as other minerals. The Chinese attempted to enforce their culture by making the children go to Chinese schools, as well as forcing all of the people to wear Chinese clothes. Ly Thuong-Wrote the Vietnamese Declaration of Independence Le Loi- Much beloved hero of the Vietnamese people The legend of Le Loi was often told as a fisherman who landed an enchanted sword in his net. He was really an angry Vietnamese aristocrat, who travelled to the mountains in 1418, and proclaimed himself the "prince of peace," and rallied his fellow nationmen to fight the Chinese. The Battle of Tot Dong- Successful battle in 1426. In 1426, Le Loi became so determined to rid himself of the Chinese and their plight, he supplied them with junks and horses to help them return home. Golden Age-The time that follows Le Loi's triumphant revolt. Le Loi constructed his capital in Hanoi and also rewarded loyal citizens with public works and land. In the Le Thanh Tong Dynasty ruled with peace for 400 years, supporting education and organizing Vietnam with a streamlined government. North/south split- Upon the death of the final leader from the Le Thanh Tong Dynasty, Vietnam was divided between the in-laws, with the Trinh controlling the north and the Nguyen dominating the south. The Nguyen was forced to turn to France for protection. Second Part: French Involvement Age of Discovery- Exploring was a major business of the 16th century. Magellan's voyage cost a huge quantity of money however the spices brought back on just one ship were enough to cover the whole cost. There was a great deal of profit to be made from mining the riches of the unknown world. A nation could claim foreign territories to provide its vessels a safe harbor, strategically advantageous and bragging rights, or just to make sure that nobody else reached there first. France settled with Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos but only Thailand was able to retain independence. France wasn't really happy with the things Vietnam could offer However, they were looking for a trade route to China. Merchants- Although they tried, French merchants were not very at selling their products for sale to Vietnamese people. The missionaries: Christian missionaries achieved more results, and thousands Vietnamese were converted from the traditional Confucius religion. France could utilize the missionaries as a pretext to take control of Vietnam and claim that the missionaries were being victimized and needed protection. Francis Garnier- (1873) Discovered the Red River deep into China and declared it open to all nations to trade. White Man's Burden- The idea that larger and more "civilized" nations were morally accountable to bring third world countries to par. This mindset allowed the French to grant the Vietnamese their "favor" of building facilities such as dams, bridges, roads, harbors, and other public works. Of course, the entire labor was provided by the Vietnamese, who were paid cheaply and heavily taxed to enjoy the privilege of having a road they didn't really need. Mandate of HeavenMandate of Heaven - The belief that a leader's destiny is by divine authority. Ho Chi Minh- He was a refugee from Vietnam for many years, but returned to Vietnam in the beginning of the 1940's after Japan had taken over during WWII. Popularly known as "Uncle Ho," by many of his fellow citizens and believed to have been granted the Mandate of Heaven. Though he is among the most influential figures in the 20th century He was misunderstood by the US and other nations, who saw the Vietnamese and other third world peoples as ignorant and uncivilized. Ho Chi Minh was a relentless fighter, and an expert in the art of propaganda. He would not accept anything less than complete withdraw from all nations that attempted to establish their own authority over Vietnam. He wanted his country to have independence, and would accept nothing less than that.